from China, then Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. They are the most famous and
are very popular. This specie regroups thousands cultivars of various flower
sizes, foliage, habits and colors. Flowering during winter or spring.
|Higo Camellias||Coming form the old Japanese province of Higo (now Kumamoto), on the southern island of Kyushu, selected by lords of the Samuraï. They constitute a group of 120 cultivars inside Camellia Japonica. The flowers are always single and the stamens are proeminent.|
||Coming from marriage between species, hybrids are recent (1930). Some are cold resistants. The form and color ranges are varied. Flowering during winter or spring.|
|Camellia reticulata||Coming from southwest of China, Yunnan. Very large flowers and hundreds of cultivars. Flowering during spring. For temperate climates.|
from Japan. Flowering in autumn. Often fragrant
(smells jasmine tea). Camellia sasanqua gave hundreds of cultivars.
||Five to eight petals in one row.
||Two or more rows of large regular, irregular or loose outer petals (nine or more). With proeminent stamen.
|Rose-Form Double||Petals are imbricated or overlapped as informal double, but opening to reveal stamen display in a concave center.|
||Many rows of petals (sometimes more than a hundred), usually with central cone of tightly furled petals.
|Peony Form or Informal Double
mass of raised petals with petaloids (parts of the flower that have
assumed the appearance of small, narrow or twisted petals).
||One or more layers of large outer petals with a mass of petaloids ans stamens in the center.
||3 to 6 cm
||6 to 8 cm
||8 to 10 cm
||10 to 13 cm
||Over 13 cm
main color can shade from the center to the edge of the petal. The
flowering can begin with a color (pink here) which shades and brightens
as the flower opens out.
||The flowers are bicolors. A dominant color (pink here) fills allmost all the petal surface. The edges have a different color.
|Striped and stieted
||The petals have several colors and some of them are striped or strieted. Some have the term "Nishiki" in their name (ie 'Nishiki Kirin') to emphasis this characteristic.
|Compact||The plant is branched. Growing tall and wide. Suitable for hedging.|
|Upright||Pruning can help to develop a better-shaped plant.
|Bushy||The plant is branched and dense, like a bush. Pruning can avoid overcrowding.|
|Slender||The plant is narrow and columnar. Easy to train. For small area.
|Weeping||With pendulous branches.|
|Spread||Some plants have a tendency to spread instead of growing. Suitable for big area.
|Dwarf||Suitable for bonsaï.|
|Northern Hemisphere||Southern Hemisphere|
||October to January
||March to June|
||January to March
||June to August|
||March to May
||August to October|
|Early to late
||November to April
||April to September|
© Cathie - www.lovcam.org